Saturday, December 31, 2011
We Can't See The Forest For The Trees
Someone writes a story for a local school newspaper, an article that no one has read in months.
In an unbelievable stroke of luck the author is fortunate to have the same story resurrected and published in a forum which has global readers and is growing daily. The forum identifies the author by name, identifies the paper where it was previously published by name as well as providing a link to the paper.
The author complains to the forum that this is copyright infringement, which technically it's not.
None the less copyright laws can be considered broad at first glance but by using common sense are relatively understandable:
17 U.S.C. § 107. Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair Use
- Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A [17 USCS §§ 106 and 106A], the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.
Author points to #3 of the law stated under:
In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include--
(3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole;
So what exactly does this mean?
You can't publish the story as a whole? Do you leave out one sentence, one paragraph or 51% of the article?
Does it matter at all since the forum is a non-profit, news reporting/educational setting?
The forum decides since no one is appreciative of this tremendous opportunity for international exposure to remove the article.
So who loses here?
The reporting forum that has multiple sources providing material to print on a weekly basis or the author who's article hasn't been read in months, may never be read again but could have been read regularly in an international forum?
"It is a thousand times better to have common sense without education than to have education without common sense"
Robert Green Ingersoll
Friday, December 30, 2011
Kayla Lokeinsky has won the Wendy's Heisman Award for CCHS.
Lokeinsky a senior, is a backup goalie and utility player for the defending District Champion Cowboys.
HONORING THE TOP HIGH SCHOOL SCHOLARS, ATHLETES, AND CITIZENS IN THE COUNTRY.
Since 1994, the Wendy’s High School Heisman Program has honored more than 250,000 of the nation’s most esteemed high school seniors in partnership with the Heisman Memorial Trophy® Committee. The leadership award-honorees are well-rounded young men and woman who excel in learning, performing, and leading in the class room, on the field and in the community.
Like The Heisman Memorial Trophy, the Wendy’s program believes in the pursuit of athletic and academic excellence with integrity. And in addition to honoring student accomplishments, the Wendy’s High School Heisman Program inspires all future high school students to pursue their higher education goals.
Every year, the Wendy’s High School Heisman Program and The Heisman Memorial Trophy team up to recognize our nation’s most esteemed high school Seniors. The culmination of this process takes place in December in conjunction with the National Heisman Memorial Trophy presentation during Heisman Weekend in New York City. It’s here where Wendy’s selects its National High School Heisman Winners during a broadcast on ESPN networks. This partnership ensures that high school winners enjoy the prestige of national recognition for their tremendous achievements.
click to enlarge
Thursday, December 29, 2011
Head Coach Paul Becskehazy
The Miami Beach International Water Polo Club is scheduled to compete at the 2012 Turbo Masters Eastern Water Polo Championships in Atlanta, Ga. The tournament is slated for Feb. 11 & 12 and will be held in northeast Atlanta at the Dynamo Swim Center located in suburb of Chamblee, Ga.
Beach has been on a roll in 2011 taking gold at the Sunshine State Games, Orlando's Halloween Tournament and Gulliver's Turkey Bowl. They've traveled to Medellin, Colombia to participate in a tourney and recently defeated Colombia's National Champion Valle.
2012 Looks Promising
For info on the Atlanta tourney click here:
Monday, December 26, 2011
Sunday, December 18, 2011
BECOMING A GOALKEEPER
by Manel Sylvestre
Do we pay enough attention to our goalkeepers?
There are many times when we have finished explaining the training to our field players,that we look at our two goalkeepers alone, who are anxiously waiting for the training that applies to them and we say nothing. Our solutions for the goalkeepers are not always the best. Here are some exampes of our solutions...
- We have the goalkeepers swim with the other players.
- We repeat the same routine training for goalkeepers that we do for field players.
- We say to goalkeepers “Warm up we are ready to start shooting”.
These are easy solutions but they are not the correct solutions for players who are an essential elements for our team’s success.
It is said that a goalkeeper is as much as 50% of the team. That might not be a slight exaggeration but a goalkeeper is one of the most important players on any team and we don’t treat him as such.
We do not correct them for their technical mistakes.
We do not make them work hard enough to achieve their maximum.
We do not prepare them to perform at 100% in games at the end of the week.
We do not adapt our system to them, but we expect them to adapt to our system. Perhaps you should not take the same approach with all goalkeepers. The goalkeeps range from those who save shots from close range, some who save shots from far range,some who are fast or slow,some who steal balls, some who have a great wingspan, some who stay up for the fake, and some who only save first time shots. In the end, we must ask what type of goalkeepers do we have?
What Goalkeepers Do We Have?
In general terms if we say, that whoever is our goalkeeper, our system is not going to change then are making a big error.
Here are some examples:
Here are some examples:
- Goalkeepers that is good at saving first time shots.If we play a 2-3 static zone, for example, it will be very difficult to stop the other team and we will not get the maximum performance from our goalkeeper. On the other hand, if we convert to a more dynamic defense including adding a player more to help the zone, the performance of the goalkeeper will be improved. The attackers will have only one or two seconds available to take a shot and it will always be a first time shot or a shot without much of a fake.
- Goalkeepers with good movementYou can benefit by using an M defense, or by pressing, to steal the ball at centre forward.
- Goalkeepers with little movementTypes of defense are usually confined to two players: 1 and 2 or 2 and 3. If there are three players involved, always place one in the lane (in the passing lane) so that a long pass has to be made, for example, a pass from 2 to 4, will be a pass that is as slow as possible. These are goalkeepers that are used to cutting down the shooting angle and they have a tendency to jump forward.
- Goalkeepers used to certain systemsRussians, Hungarians, Serbians, Croatians, and others use defensive systems with big blocks limiting the space where a save is required. In this case especially, you have to adapt the team to the goalkeeper, which will improve the team’s capacity for blocking on both 6-on-6 and 6-on-5 defenses.
How to Train a Goalkeeper
Broadly speaking we ask field players to use weights both in the gym and in the swimming pool. We reduce the amout of weights as the week progresses and we increase the amount of speed work and explosiveness as we get nearer to the match.We need to do the same type of training for goalkeepers. At the start of the week the drills take more time becase they involve heavier weghts and more reps but as the week progresses the drills take less time because the amount of weights and the number of reps decreases. Do the same thing with goalkeepers that you do with field players progress from slow and long drills to short and more explosive drills as the week goes on.You can find specific drills in "Training Goalkeepers" with the links that follow:In any case the training all depends, as always, on the type of goalkeeper that we are talking about
What Type of Goalkeeper Are We Creating?
It is a disappointment that we often see goalkeepers who have great promise at an early age and whose promise fades away gradually as they go up through the school grades. And regardless of the physical or technical talent they have acquired during their years of training, these goalkeepers of such great promise become good goalkeepers, but not excellent goalkeepers. We as coaches are partly to blame for not making these goalkeepers into "excellent goalkeepers".Since 1993 there have been many goalkeepers in lower grades that have not fulfilled their potential. We’ll call this type of goalkeeper a type A goalkeeper.
etc…If a goalkeeper’s physical development has been premature, then it is easier for him to save shots from players in the younger grades. The goalkeeper loves this.
- Vertical alert positioning
- Vertical jump using a cross shape
- Body when jumping almost never twists sideways
- Hands in “alert” position outside the shoulders (and the more the fakes, the more they open)
- Jumps with arms almost straight
- Arms go out laterally from the body when jumping
- Hands oriented to the outside (the opposite of what is needed for absorbing a shot)
- Often a two-handed jump
Schools:Stops almost everything that is shot at the goal.
- Why?The goal is smaller. This is a big error in the training of the goalkeeper because a goalkeeper gets used to saving from a cross position and the goalkeeper does not get practice in trying to cover a larger goal.
The majority of shots at this age are high, slow and predictable. It’s obvious that these school children lack the strength and the technique required to shoot bounce-shots (they might be seen in training, but not in matches because of tiredness), nor can these young shooters make changes to the shot using a wrist action, nor ...Jumps with two hands, because shots are predictable by the look and the position of the ball. Also players at this age have difficulty in making technical shots.
Youth:Things begin to go wrong. He or she does not get to well-placed shots, but he or she continues being a good goalkeeper for this age.
- Why?With the players’ increase in strength, they can start taking bounce-shots (also because they enjoy this type of shot) and they take shots under the arms (low shots) without fear that they will get stuck in the water. The goalkeeper continues to have the tendency to jump upwards and this includes taking his hands out of the water before the shot.
The goals are normal size. The goalkeeper doesn’t get to well-placed shots because he or she continues to jump from a cross position and because the goalkeeper continued physical development makes him slower.
He is still a good goalkeeper. He has a good physique for his age and he continues to stop shots from the majority of players in matches. But in training, we see he doesn’t stop certain shots from fresh players… That makes us re-think the goalkeepers ability to stop certain shots. He continues saving shots with two hands, because he knows how the players at this grade shoot. He will know this throughout his career up to the senior team.
Juvenile and Junior:He saves only half the shots that he saved as a youth player. He has stopped growing and hasn’t passed 1.80 meters (like many others).
- Why?He continues to save as we have taught him. Or rather, as we left the development of his technique and that is to say without saying anything. Or if we said something, did we know what we were talking about.
The players start to shoot using wrist variations and to shoot bounce-shots from various angles (the ball coming from above or side-on). Also the players' accuracy of placing shots has improved and the players can make more realistic fakes when they are about to shoot.
He doesn’t save shots under his arms, nor those shots to the top corners, nor bounce-shots and he only guesses half the shots for two-handed saves.
Congratulations! We have created an average goalkeeper.The solution is to understand the types and techniques of goalkeepers and to apply training to them.
Types of Goalkeepers?
Yes, there are.
You are doing 10 sets of 30 seconds with 5 kilo medicine balls each over the head (the famous Mickie Mouse), and legs going at a thousand revolutions, and each time that you reach 25 seconds in each series your legs begin to burn.
Having finished the drill, you go to the goal and feel that you have made a good effort with the legs, you need to continue warming up.
Why? Because you are a Type C goalkeeper.
There are very many types, including goalkeepers that from the same position in the water make a completely different jump than their peers, but, taking an overview, we can distinguish three. We will call them A, B and C.As all photos of goalkeepers are obviously in the water so that we don’t see more than half the body, we suggest some clear examples out of the water.
A B CNOTE: In the “Goalkeepers” video, they are not classified into these three classes, but class A predominates.
Type A – Cross Power
Type B – Full Power
Type C – Quick Power
These are only names, helpful for viewing the video.
Type A GoalkeepersLook at the vertical position of the motorcyclist: it is pretty much the typical position of American goalkeepers, but also the typical position of new goalkeepers that we have already described and in our case (in Spain) it is the worst option to teach unless, obviously, the players is about 2 metres tall.
Brandon Brookes Craig Wilson Gabor Nemes Dan Hacket
Type B GoalkeepersThis is the best position for a goalkeeper who has the following physical characteristics: a great wingspan and a big physique with good coordination in and outside the water.
In the jump, there are two types:
- His almost foetal position allows him to make the most of his trunk when beginning a jump even before taking his arms out of the water.
- Great arm power, helping him stay up during fakes with arms at shoulder width and without opening them much wider for fakes.
- On the other hand, they are vulnerable to very technical shots, like a shot over the head or with a delay.
- Their arm technique is usually very good.
- Their technique with “hands in the water” is very good.
- Technique with “hands out of the water” varies according to the individual, but, when correct, barely a ball goes into the net.
- Once the shot is made, some tend to contract their trunk again to cut down the angle of the shot. He is practically the perfect goalkeeper (taking into account his physical advantages). They have few flaws in their characteristics.
- Whilst others make a lateral jump, sacrificing the capability of cutting down the distance to the ball. These are vulnerable to bounce-shots when making a lateral jump. Their technique with hands out of the water is worse, so they give too many rebounds.
Type C GoalkeepersThis is the position advised for goalkeepers lacking height, because it allows them to reduce the angle further in the jump. The position of the knees is lower and the goalkeeper works in his initial position, more with abductors than with quadriceps or “femorals”.
Hence the answer to the example we gave at the beginning. With the medicine ball you are likely to work vertically: therefore you are working muscles that are used in the second part of the jump, but you are not working the main muscle used by these goalkeepers: the abductor.
In jumping, as with type B, the whole trunk is used and they further reduce the angle by crunching again. As a result of having the knees further back, the angle to reduce is greater.
With very fast hands, they need to work with lower weights than the previous type and more explosively, above all with reference to the shoulders.
Again there are two types:
- With a much more extended body as we have already described. Their tendency in response to a fake is to go forwards, making them vulnerable to lobs (here computer analysis comes in, or memorising the shots of players, as well as intuition) but good at penalties and close-range shots.
- The goalkeeper’s body position is between that of B and C and although their position seems semi-vertical, their technique is faster than type B’s, having a lighter physique, and they are good with lobs and at reducing the angle of the shot to a little less than the previous type; however they are a bit less assured with close-range shots and skip-shots. Examples in the Goalkeepers video: Andreo, Aguilar, Attolico
- Understand where we are now and what is the typical state of players in our country. (Although there are always exceptions).
- There are significant medical studies on the growth of the individual in both height and wingspan, at an early age.
- Introduce stimulating technical routines, correct, teach and back up what we explain with discussion.
- Choose carefully the type of goalkeeper that we want to instruct, whether:
- He already is an extremely big individual.
- Or maybe he lacks motor skills or coordination in his movements (in and out of the water).
- Or maybe even look at his parents to see what he might end up like.
- Observe his weaknesses and insist on correcting them in training.
- Don’t forget that in doing shooting drills, we are already working the goalkeeper. The goalkeeper also needs players to be at his service in specific drills.
- Be sure that anything that is not corrected now, will be technical issues that will always hold them back and will be more difficult to correct later.
How is that when each type of goalkeeper and each individual is different, we do a general progression of technical work.
The Back, the Lumbar and the AbdominalsThis is the first major element in a goalkeeper’s jump, even if they can save first-time shots with, for example: hamstring on an abductor, or with legs crossed, or with a body half-extended in the water.
Example in the Goalkeeper video: Yurismel Horta
- It is work done on the lumbar muscle that allows you to come out to the waist. The trunk has to go in the same direction as the ball, not come up and then turn towards it. Another of the important tasks when dealing with fakes is keeping rhythm for the duration of the faking. Example in the Goalkeepers video: Sostar.
- The abdominal is the next muscle, allowing you to close the shooting angle. When the ball is already on its way, that’s the moment to contract the abdominals. Example in the Goalkeepers video: Rollan
- These movements are generally in real-life defensive situations where movement of a short distance is needed by the goalkeeper (1 and 2, 2 and 3). In long glides (from 2 to 4 or 2 to 5 for example), it is more difficult to make this movement, because the tendency in these shots is to jump backwards, so that you are not in the ideal situation in the goal in relation to the player: also because you have had further to move.
- Useful methods of training In the gym:
- working the abdominals and the lumbar in general
- High butterfly with crunches in the air
- Multiple shots in the same position
- Jumps facing the goal: if we always insist that they touch the posts and the corners when facing outwards from the goal, it’s only possible by jump backwards. Jumping towards the goal and insisting on reaching the posts and corners, gets them used to saving while jumping forwards, cutting down the angle.
Glides and Fakes: the Hands
GlidesThere are three or four different glides.
Initiation of the glide and the jump palm of the hand downwards with minimum resistanceHands in 3rd movement of the glide Force for the glide Perpendicular vertical forceAnd so on. In this manner a rapid movement is made: while it is not the quickest method to glide (that is the first method), you always have the correct support and enough power in the arms to make a jump in whatever direction.
- The glide made with the arm out of the water in the direction they are moving. From the front position towards the side, accompanied by a small jump. The problem with this glide is the loss of support and balance when the arm and body come down into the water, resulting in an unnatural position for the next jump, and when needing to jump again, the position of the arm (which is already extended) coming from the below to above without any control. Very typical of American goalkeepers, like Craig Wilson, Brandon Brooks or Hackett: the Hungarian goalkeeper, Zoltan Zsecsi is also used to doing this.
- Glide made with the arm below the water in the direction of travel, extending it but not using it like a pushing stroke. The only push is from the hand the opposite side from where they are moving from where they are moving. The problem with this glide is the loss of support by not having the same thrust with the arm extended as contracted, and, if a jump is required, the position of the arm (which is already extended) coming from the below to above without control. Goalkeepers: Duplanti, Gabor Nemes, James Stanton (2002, from then he changed his style).
- Glide in almost all goalkeepers - two pushes For example glide to the right. From the normal alert position:
- Left hand with the palm of the hand outwards to get the greatest resistance in the water and therefore to start the glide. At the same time, the left hand begins the glide towards the right with the palm of the hand downwards to have the minimum resistance to the water.
- Return to the initial position, in this case the left hand turns with the palm of the hand lightly inwards, with little resistance to speed up the movement, but at the same time having a minimum level of support to make a jump. At the same time, the right hand is the one that gives almost all the power of the glide, turning the hand horizontally when returning to the original alert position.
- Lateral alert movement across the pool
- Lateral alert movement across the pool with traction from only one arm (right and left in the same direction)
- Shots with 5 players in an arc, making as many passes and fakes as they like.
Gliding in the goal, in set attack
We already have a way to glide. Now we need to know where to glide to.
It’s easy to understand. From the shooting position to the centre of the goal draw an imaginary line: we will call this the line of shooter. We also make an imaginary ellipse from post to post, and the intersection with the line of the shooter gives us the point where we have to place ourselves. This point we will call the ideal position.
As you see in positions 1 and 5 we are closer to the goal than in 2, 3 and 4. So far so good.
In all the glides, the rule is: move first to the line of the shooter and then, second, to the ideal position. If we werealways to follow the ellipse to get to the next ideal position, we would always arrive late.
In the case of a short glide, for example from 1 to 2:
The distance between the line of the shooter and the ideal position is almost nothing: by making a small glide we are already in position.In the case of a long glide, for example from 2 to 5: the big difference between the movements that we have to make to get to the ideal position is obvious.
Glide in man-downThe movements in man-down will depend on the defence of the team in each position.
If in general the defence is tight, the radius of action to defend is quite small and the shift is less.
Whilst with a more open defence, the goalkeeper has to cover more of the goal.Advice: My advice is to always assume the later applies, because in that way you become used to not always being dependent on the defender’s block. In that case, they are not just used to saving shots in “their space” and you are unpredictable to attackers, who otherwise know that passing the arm of the blocker is half way to scoring a goal. (This is case with Russian, Croat, Serbian and Hungarian goalkeepers).Examples: in the Goalkeepers video, Aguilar and Silvestre save behind the arm of the defensive block.
The fake: the hands(Examples for styles of type B and C)A player fakes to make the position of the goalkeeper unstable: so the goalkeeper should maintain the alert position as long as possible before the shot.The alert positionThe arms:
- Hands and elbows parallel to each other.
- Elbows separated from the body coming out some 10 centimetres from being level of the shoulders.
- Elbows about 20 centimetres in front of the torso.
The movements are symmetrical:
- They have the most important function in the balance of the body with the back.
- They are also the stabilisers when staying up for fakes and for making the jump afterwards.
Movement of the hands in alert position No 1Vertical force to maintain elevation of the bodyMovement of hands in alert position No 2Vertical force to start the jumpIt’s very important not to make the first movement too high in response to the fake because, after this movement, the shooter has a window, and with one more fake, gravity does its job and the body sinks. Another of the important point is that, when the arms are more open, the jump is less natural, and there is no control of the jump from a lateral position upwards
- Palms perpendicular moving outwards to exert pressure on the water, without opening the arms too much: the movement outwards should coincide with the shooter’s arm moving backwards, and…
- Palms of the hands perpendicular and inwards, producing a vertical push that coincides with the shooter’s arm moving forwards, so that you are prepared to jump if a shot is made. If no shot happens, back to the beginning.
The JumpThere are two different leg techniques for the jump.
- With an alternate kick: for goalkeepers with a big wingspan, lateral jumps are limited in extent, but recovery after the jump is quicker.
- With breaststroke kick: the boost is greater as is the jump: the disadvantage, in a lateral jump, is that the resulting position of the body is more sideways than the first technique and the recovery to the alert position is slower.
We have already explained the alert movements to initiate the jump: this is the complete sequence with the jump included…
Final boost for
the lateral jump
None of them have the support hand at the end of the jump.
In some it is because, even having made the effort of a lateral push, their body is already at maximum height for the jump and the hand is off the water.
In others, it’s a result of the circumstances of the game.
The correct jump can be done when the shooter is at a distance of 6-8 metres: when the shooter is much closer, (in man-up, counter-attack, lateral players), the tendency of the goalkeeper is:
- To have a more vertical back: positioned so that the angle with reference to the players is less.
- The reaction time is less, therefore you tend to cover more of the goal jumping with two hands at the same time, but in the end you end up doing a lateral jump that is technically poor.
The jump with a fakeThe principal mission of the goalkeeper, in response to fakes, is to maintain the alert position as much as possible.
Errors when responding to fakes:
- In fakes, the tendency is to open the arms, so the arm goes forwards and to the side, particularly hindering saving low technical shots.
- The tendency is for the hands to come out of the water with the loss of all support, and, when there is another fake, only the range of the arms can be covered.
- Many young goalkeepers (and not so young) first cover the face and then watch the ball.
Arms in the jumpAlways depending on the situation, normally the arms will move from a forward position to the side or upwards.
The first movement you already know.
Hand movement in alert position No 2
Which allows you to get to a high position.
- The arms go out to the side and almost extended forwards.
- Saves around the head are slower as you go in a circumference around the body with arms extended.
- Jumps to the corners come up short because the support hand exercises less power in the water.
Short cornersLow jumps, arm go from up to down.
HandsOnce the jump is correctly started, the hands become the most important element to avoid corners and rebounds to a long way out.
Turning wrists forwards, downwards and inwards is important to block shots and to not give the ball away.
Note: I repeat again that they are personal opinions and that, of course, I don’t have perfect technique myself…